Linux Mint 18.3 setup, 2 part layout, Firefox, Chrome, Console Apps, Paper, Board

The last article on Linux Mint 18.3 configuration. In previous articles, we covered in detail the process of installing this distro, as well as installing drivers and codecs.

This article will be the last in this series. In it, we’ll look at how to change the way to switch layouts, Firefox settings, install Google Chrome, install and configure console apps, and install a paper theme.

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  • Adjustment
    Step 1. Change the way to switch the keyboard layout
    Step 2. Change the desktop wallpaper
    Step 3. Configuring Mozilla Firefox
    Step 4. System update
    Step 5. Installing console applications
    Step 6. Configuring Console Applications
    Step 7. Install Google Chrome
    Step 8. Set the peel of the paper
    Step 9. Installing and configuring board docking
    Step 10. Restart
  • Video with the setup process
  • Conclusions


Step 1. Change the way to switch the keyboard layout

Since everyone is used to doing it their own way, I decided to start from there. To change the shortcut, click the flag icon in the lower right corner and select“Keyboard settings”:

Select a section in the window displayed in the top field“Layouts”:

Now click the button.“Parameters”:

In the window“Keyboard layout options”find and open an item “Switch to another layout”and mark the desired option. After that click “Close” and close the program itself to configure the keyboard:

Step 2. Change the desktop wallpaper

To change your desktop background image, right-click it and select “Change desktop background”:

In the program that opens, you can change the background image. You can choose one of the photo albums in the left column and set the one you like. To set your own photo, click “+” in the lower left corner and select your own image folder. You can also add photos from this folder “Paintings” in the home directory. After changing the background, close the program:

Step 3. Configuring Mozilla Firefox

First, I will disable automatic closing of the browser after closing the last tab. To do this, enter in the address bar “Info: config”. Accept the warning by clicking “I’m taking the risk!”. If you plan to revert to these settings in the future, you can uncheck “Show this warning next time”:

In a line “Search” enter “Closew”. You may have several options in front of you, but we only need “Browser.tabs.closeWindowWithLastTab”. Change its value to “Falsehood”double-clicking the line with this parameter:

Now I will change the home page of the browser to Yandex (you can use any other). To do this, go to the Yandex home page and copy the link. Then open the Firefox settings (this is done in the upper right corner). And in the field “Home” paste the copied link:

To configure the search engine, click on the menu on the left “Search”. Here in the chart “Default Search Engine” select the one you are using from the drop-down list. You can also remove unnecessary check boxes in the section. “One-click search”. If you’re not interested in a search engine, look for it in Firefox add-ons. When finished, close the settings tab:

To add a menu bar and bookmarks bar, open the browser menu in the upper right corner and click on the tab “Change …”. Here in the lower left corner, expand the list “Toolbars” and tick the appropriate checkboxes and close the tab.

Finally, I think it’s worth installing 2 handy add-ons: ublock and browsec. The first is about ad blocking and the second is VPN. To install, find them in Firefox add-ons and click “+ Add to Firefox”:

Step 4. System update

You can do this with a graphics tool installed on Linux Mint. I’ll do it with my own hands. To perform the updates, execute the following 3 commands in a terminal emulator (Ctrl + Alt + T or run from the panel):

$ sudo apt-get update

$ sudo apt-get upgrade

$ sudo apt-get dist-upgrade

Step 5. Installing console applications

Not everyone may need them, but I find them one of the most useful and convenient. To install them, run in Terminal:

$ sudo apt-get install terminator mc htop gpm zsh

Terminator is one of the most convenient terminal emulators in my opinion. It also allows you to create multiple terminals in one window;

mc – console file manager;

htop – a program designed to display a list of running processes and information about them on the terminal;

gpm – mouse in Linux console;

zsh is one of the modern UNIX command shells, used directly as an interactive shell or as a script interpreter.

Step 6. Configuring Console Applications

For convenience, I decided to combine the configuration of all these applications into one element. Let me start with the terminator. To start, give it a shortcut to start. I personally use “Ctrl + Alt + T”out of habit To do this, open the cinnamon menu and go to the settings:

See also:

  • Linux Mint 18.3 configuration, Part 1: Drivers and codecs
  • Opera: how to change home page and search by default?
  • Installation of Linux Mint 18.3 Cinnamon
  • Installing and configuring the distribution package Base operating system
  • Installing Q4OS and improving keyboard layouts

In them, open the section “Keyboard”and click “Add custom combination”. You can use any name and specify it as a command “Terminator”. After that click “Add”:

At the bottom of “Key binding” select one of the items “Not assigned” and click twice. Then press the appropriate key combination. If you use the same combination as me, an alert will appear that this combination is being used for an action. “Launch Terminal”. To set a combination, click “Yes”and close the keyboard configuration window:

Click on the selected combination to test the performance:

Now configure zsh. To do this, open a terminal and write “Zsh”. You will be given several options for configuring zsh. I’ll do it myself, so I choose “0”(Quit by creating an empty settings file ~ / .zshrc), you can choose another option as you like. Now, to configure zsh, run in a terminal (for the new configuration to take effect, restart the terminal):

$ nano ~ / .zshrc

Instructions on how to complete this file can be found on the Internet. Here is the config (tyk) that I use (not written):

To set this shell as the default, enter terminal:

$ sudo nano / etc / passwd

Here you need to find your user at the very end of the line. “/ Bin / bash” to replace “/ Bin / zsh”. Then close nano (“Ctrl + x” go out, “Y” confirm “Enter”save the file under the same name).

Then add gpm to “autostart”. To do this, enter the terminal:

$ sudo systemctl włącz gpm

Step 7. Install Google Chrome

To add a repository to your browser, you must consistently enter the following commands:

$ wget -q -O - | sudo apt-key dodaj -

$ sudo sh -c 'echo "deb [arch = amd64] stable main" >> /etc/apt/sources.list.d/google-chrome. lista "

$ sudo apt-get update

There are 3 versions of Chrome:

  • google-chrome-stable – stable version;
  • google-chrome-beta – beta version;
  • google-chrome-unstable is not a stable version.

To install Chrome, run in Terminal:

$ sudo apt-get install google-chrome- *

Where “*” – selected version.

Step 8. Set the peel of the paper

To install gtk theme, icon theme and paper cursor, follow these commands in Terminal:

$ sudo add-apt-repository ppa: snwh / pulp // add a repository;

$ sudo apt-get update // update the package index;

$ sudo apt-get install papier-ikona-motyw papierowy kursor-tematyczny papier-gtk-motyw // install themes.

To activate them, open the system settings section “Design”and there is some sense in that“Themes”. Here how “Window frames”, “Badges”, “Window Style” and“Mouse pointer” set“Paper”. “Desktop” – this is a theme that will be applied to the bottom panel, main menu, and a few other items. I like “Cinnamon”.

Step 9. Installing and configuring board docking

To install Plank we first need to run the following commands:

$ sudo apt software-properties-common // if not set

$ sudo add-apt-repository ppa: ricotz / docky // add a repository

$ sudo apt update // update the package index;

$ sudo apt-get zainstaluj deskę // install the panel itself

Before starting the setup, we recommend that you raise the bottom panel to the top of the screen. To do this, right-click, select “Change panel”and here “Move panel”. You can also use any other side, but I still prefer the top. To move the panel to the desired side, click on one of the bars that appear along the edge of the screen, according to the selected side:

Now let’s move on to setting up the board:

$ deska - referencje // open the settings

As a topic in this case, I recommend using “GTK +”. You can also change the position of the panel in the corresponding drop-down list. The size of the icons is also customizable, but I prefer 48. I also advise you to turn on this mode “Increasing the number of icons”as it looks so much nicer and you can use smaller icons. You can adjust the zoom option as you like.

And finally, add Plank to the autoload. To do this, in the main menu, write “Automatically load”and run the appropriate application. In this click “Add”and here “User Team”. You can set the team name and description whatever you want, but as a command – “Board”. After following these steps, click “Add”.

Step 10. Restart

Now just close all applications and restart your computer. This setting is considered complete. You can start using =)

Video with the setup process


The author also recommends:

  1. How to set up free channels on smart TV
  2. Clear Android Storage: Best Practices
  3. Laptop battery calibration
  4. What is UEFI and how is it better than BIOS?
  5. How to back up Windows 10 on your computer and why?
  6. How to speed up the loading of Windows 10
  7. If the video slows down while watching online

In this article, we went through the process of setting up Linux Mint 18.3 in detail. If you have any questions, feel free to ask in the comments!

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